Research Articles of Distinction

Makgoba, M.W., 2000. HIV/AIDS: The Peril of Pseudoscience. Science 288:1171. (10 citations)
  This article anchored the public health policy debates on HIV/AIDS causation and treatment in South Africa.
Nabel, G., Makgoba, W., Esparza, J., 2002. “HIV-1 Diversity and Vaccine Development”. Science 296:2335. (36 citations)
Klaussner, RD., Fauci, AS. Cory L., et al. 2003. “The Need for a Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise”. Science 300:1-5. (124 citations)
  These articles are important in the global coherent approach to HIV vaccine research and development.
Makgoba, M.W., Shaw, S., Gugel, E.A., Sanders, M. 1987:  Human T-Cell Rosetting is mediated by LFA-3 on Autologous ErythrocytesJournal of Immunology 38:3587-3589. (29 citations
  Demonstration that LFA-3 on human erythrocytes specifically binds to CD2 on T-lymphocytes explained the decades old observation of T-cell rosetting with erythrocytes.  This pairing of CD2 with LFA-3 was the first heterologous integral membrane protein receptor-ligand relationship documented in biology.
Makgoba, M.W., Sanders, M.E., Luce, G.E.G., Dustin, M.L., Springer, T.A.,Clark, E.A., Mannoni, P., Shaw, S., (1988).  ICAM-1 a ligand for LFA-1 -dependent adhesion of B-Cells, T-Cells and Myeloid CellsNature: 331:86-88, 1988. (Classic publication with 583 citations
  The first biochemical demonstration that purified ICAM-1 protein specific binding to LFA-1 on B-lymphocytes, T-lymphocytes, and myeloid cells mediates adhesion.  LFA-1 binding to ICAM-1 was the second heterologous integral membrane protein receptor-ligand relationship documented in biology.
Simmons, D., Makgoba, M.W., Seed, B., 1988. ICAM and adhesion ligand of LFA-1, is homologous to NCAM. Nature 331:624-626. (Classic publication with 625 Citations
  The article provided another first biochemical evidence that ICAM-1 is the ligand for LFA-1 and that an adhesion molecule of the integrin supergene family binds to an adhesion molecule of the immunoglobulin supergene family.
Sanders, M.E., Makgoba, M.W., Sussman, E.H., Luce, G.E.G., Cossman, J., Shaw, S., 1988. Molecular Pathways of Adhesion in Spontaneous Rosetting of T-Lymphocytes to the Hodgkin's Cell Line L428.  Cancer Research 48:37-40,1988. (41 citations
  The first demonstration that CD2 and LFA-1 on T-cells binding respectively to LFA-3 and ICAM-1 on Hodgkin’s Reed Sternberg cells explained the decades old observation of lymphocyte rosetting to RS cells.
Makgoba, M.W., Sanders, M.E., Luce, G.E.G., Gugel, E.A., Dustin, M.L., Springer, T.A., Shaw, S. 1988. Functional evidence that intercellular adhesion molecule-1 is a ligand for LFA-1 in cytotoxic T cell recognition.  Eur.J.1mmunol.18: 637- 640. (Classic publication with 351 citations
  This follow up paper to the Makgoba et al Nature paper describing the LFA-1-ICAM-1 receptor ligand system, added the first functional evidences to the overall story, by demonstrating that LFA-1-ICAM-1 interaction was critical to antigen-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte activity.
Makgoba, M.W., Sanders, M.E., Shaw, S. 1989. “The CD2-LFA-3 and LFA-1-ICAM-1 pathways: relevance to T cell recognition”. Immunol.Tod.10: 417-422. (Classic publication with 277 citations
  This invited peer reviewed review article covering the state of understanding of the first two described leukocyte adhesion pathways became a highly cited reference in the field.
Seth, R., Raymond, F., Makgoba, M.W., 1991. Circulating human 1CAM- 1 Isoforms. New diagnostic prospects for inflammatory and immune-related diseases. The Lancet ii: 83-84. (Classic publication with 368 Citations
  This article provided the first evidence that isoforms of the adhesion/ signaling molecule (ICAM-1) circulate in plasma and the circulating levels of isoform patterns might vary with inflammation and in different pathological states. This became the basis to the development of Adhesion molecule immunoassays for diagnostic purposes and the search for other circulating isoforms of other adhesion/signaling molecules.
Sanders, M.E., Makgoba, M.W., Sharrow, S.O., Stephany, D., Springer, T.A. Young, H.A., Shaw, S., 1988. Human Memory T-Lymphocytes Express Increased Levels of Three Cell Adhesion Molecules (LFA-3, CD2, LFA-1) and Three Other Molecules (UCHL1, CDw29, and Pgp-1) and Have Enhanced Gamma Interferon Production. Journal of Immunology 140:1401-1407.  (Classic publication with 1009 citations
  This discovery of the phenotypes of human memory and naïve T-cell subsets based upon differential expression of CD45 isoforms and multiple adhesion molecules became one of the most highly cited data publications in immunology in its era.   These observations have impacted research across many fields of medicine, including infectious diseases, neurology, gastroenterology, dermatology, rheumatology, etc., and have led to the development of multiple memory T-cell adhesion molecule targeted therapeutics. This paper, according to Citation Index, was most cited in Immunology in 1989 and is one of 17 core scientific papers that formed the foundations of “Modern Structural Biology.
Sanders, M.E., Makgoba, M.W., Shaw, S., 1988.  Human Memory and Naive T-Lymphocyte Subsets:  A Reinterpretation and Further Characterization of Helper Inducer and Suppressor Inducer Cells.  Immunology Today 9:195-199. (Classic publication with 863 citations
  This invited peer reviewed review article became a highly cited reference because it re-interpreted a large number of older papers reporting on so called “helper-inducer” and “suppressor-inducer” T-cells, as in fact being findings on memory and naïve T-cell subsets respectively. This paper according to Citation Index was second most cited in Immunology and "vintage/standout" paper in the Life Sciences Category in 1989.
Sanders, M.E., Makgoba, M.W., June, C.H., Young, H.A., Shaw, S., 1989. Enhanced Responsiveness of Human Memory T-Cells to CD2 and CD3 Receptor- Mediated Activation.  European Journal of Immunology 19:803-808. (154 citations
  This follow up paper to the Sanders et al Journal of Immunology paper describing human memory and naïve T-cell phenotypes added to the overall story by documenting differences in CD3 and CD3 receptor mediated activation responses, with memory T-cells having enhanced responsiveness to these signals relative to naïve T-cells.
Weetman, A.P., Cohen, S., Makgoba, M.W., Borysiewicz, L.K.1989. Expression of an intercellular adhesion molecule, ICAM-1, by human thyroid cells”.  J.Endocrin.122: 185-191. (151 citations)
Patarroyo, M., Makgoba, M.W. 1989. “Leukocyte adhesion to cells: Molecular basis, physiological relevance and abnormalities”. Scand.J.Immunol.30: 129-15.164. (149 citations)
Makgoba, M.W., Sanders, M.E., Ginther Luce, E.G., et al. 1988. A cluster of antibodies (RR1/1, 1,LB-2, and 84H10) that inhibit LFA- 1, dependent lymphoid and myeloid cell adhesion bind Intercellular Adhesion Molecule- 1 (ICAM-1), 13th Annual Meeting, of ASHI. A384. 
  This abstract was rated top out of 1000 abstracts and won the ASHI Travelling Award.
Adams, S.A., de Jager, C.A., Robson, S.C., Shephard, E.G., Santhar, A., Gathiram, V., Jackson, T.F.H.G., Kirsch, R.E., Makgoba, M.W., (1993). Amoebic cell surface glycoproteins share a common epitope with human beta-2integrins.  The Lancet 341:17-19. 
  This paper on the Adhesion Molecule LFA-1 and its potential evolutionary relationship with an amoebic cell surface glycoprotein was selected for permanent display in the British National Museum of Science and Industry in the "Health Matters Gallery - Modem medicine and the search for better health" to inform and popularise state of the art Science in 20th Century, 1994.
Adams, S.A., de Jager, C.A., Robson, S.C., Shephard, E.G., Sathar, A., Gathiram, V., Jackson, T.F.H.G., Kirsch, R.E., Makgoba, M.W., 1993. Amoebic cell surface glycoproteins share a common epitope with human ß2integrins. 
  This abstract was awarded the Best Basic Science Presentation Prize at the Annual Meeting of SA Gastroenterology.
* Citations subject to change

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